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Since its foundation, University of Crete targeted on becoming an Institution facing towards research, a goal already achieved as appears from its recognition in international scale.

However, up until now, only one first record of the research activity of its members has been done by the late rector Christina Spiraki in 1999 when the first evaluation of the University of Crete was performed by an international committee under the presidency of the Sorbonne University Professor Mss. E. Glikatzi - Arveler. Other than that, no essential evaluation of the whole research work of the Institution has ever been performed.

The evaluations done by various international organizations using international databases due to

  • The non-homogenous appearance and record of elements of Departments, Schools and the University, and
  • The fact of the affiliation of the Institution by only the first or/and the corresponding author,
do not show up all the publications of the faculty, a fact that creates vagueness as to the produced scientific work and its proper record.

In order to produce a more thorough record of the research work of University of Crete, at least as far as the publications in international journals of the faculty members are concerned, the research committee (through the initiative of the vice-rector of Financial Affairs and Development and Chairman of the Research Committee Mss. M. Kentouri assigned to a Committee consisting of Institution Faculty Members to document the scientific work for the time during 1996 and 2006. The specific time period was chosen because

  1. the elements that are presented can be compared with those of the previous record, thus showing the evolution of the scientific effort of the Institution faculty members, and
  2. at the international databases and scientific production analyses (e.g. Scopus, ISI trends, etc.) elements of the studied decade are mentioned, a fact that allows everyone to compare the scientific production of our University Departments with those of other Universities at national and international level.
The presented, in this record, scientific work of the Heraklion based Schools and Departments involves only those publications that are in scientific journals peer reviewed and that are included in international databases. We wish that this record will expand to include books, inventions, patents etc. as well, so that the produced work will be more accurately presented. Record of the respective activity of Schools and Departments in Rethymnon will follow.

Methodology used:
The great heterogeneity of the scientific fields of the University Departments does not allow for the use of only one international database. Therefore, the different databases that were used to cover the various Departments are shown in the next table.

Department

Bibliography database

References databases

Medicine

PubMed

Scopus

Mathematics

ISI , Scopus , Mathscinet

ISI , Scopus , Mathscinet

Physics

ISI, Scopus

ISI , Scopus

Biology

Scopus

Scopus

Chemistry

ISI , Scopus

ISI , Scopus

Computer Science

 

Scopus

Applied Mathematics

ISI , Scopus , Mathscinet

ISI , Scopus , Mathscinet

Materials Science and Technology

Scopus

ISI, Scopus



The preliminary comparison of different databases showed that the observed differences are smaller than 10% for the same scientific field. Nonetheless, the Committee decided that for each Department, the database that is considered as the reference in the respective scientific field will be used. Moreover, elements from more than one databases will be cross-examined so that the final outcome will be as accurate as possible.

The following criteria were taken into account in each case:

  • Publications should include at least one faculty member of the University of Crete and clearly report their origin.
  • The results of the research should be published during the active years of each faculty member of the Institution. For this purpose, in Departments with many members and frequent substitutions (e.g. Medicine School) the nomination date of the faculty members of the Institution was taken into account
  • For new Departments, the official beginning of operation, according to the following table, was used:

    Department

    Operation beginning

    Years taken into account

    Medicine

    1983

    1996-2006

    Mathematics

    1980

    1996-2006

    Physics

    1980

    1996-2006

    Biology

    1980

    1996-2006

    Chemistry

    1980

    1996-2006

    Computer Science

    1985

    1996-2006

    Applied Mathematics

    1999

    1999-2006

    Materials Science and Technology

    2001

    2001 -2006


  • For the estimation of the impact factor, elements included in the 2005 ISI tables were used.
  • Finally, for the estimation of the citations, data included in the Scopus and ISI tables of May/June of 2007 were used.
Presentation of the elements

The data are presented collectively per Department For departments with a great number of Faculty members or/and heterogeneous fields, the elements are further segregated per Division.

At this point, it would be fit to make an important comment concerning the evaluation of the presented elements.

Due to the small operation duration of two of the 7 Departments of the School of Sciences and Engineering, the vast heterogeneity of the scientific fields and of the Divisions of certain Departments, it is not fair to compare not only the publications number per faculty member and per year but also the impact factors values between our Institution members. Examples for the above are the 5 years shorter operation of the Department of Materials Science and Technology and the huge variation of impact factors between Mathematics and Biology journals and even more between basic Medicine Sciences and Surgery or Psychiatry. Therefore, those elements should be analyzed with cautiousness and should be evaluated based on the impact factors variation of a scientific field, information that can be found on the international databases (e.g. ISI) and is mentioned whenever possible in each Departments archives.